The aim of this thesis is to further optimise radiation therapy of Brain and Head & Neck cancer by reducing the dose to the healthy surrounding tissue, so called organs at risk (OARs), leading to a reduction in side effects.
Different treatment techniques for photon and particle (e.g. proton) therapy are compared for multiple tumour sites. Furthermore, tools for consistent contouring and dose prescription are presented in close collaboration with the European Particle Therapy Network (EPTN).
To quantitatively assess the effectiveness of proton therapy for individual patients, we developed a prototype for an online platform for proton decision support (PRODECIS) comparing photon and proton treatments on dose metric, toxicity and cost-effectiveness levels. An evaluation was performed with 23 head and neck cancer datasets.